Singrauli district, a part of Rewa division is a district of Madhya Pradesh state with its administrative headquarters located at Singrauli town. Singrauli comprised the eastern part of Madhya Pradesh state and the southern portion of Sonbhadra district in the Uttar Pradesh state. The district got its name from its headquarters town Singrauli. Earlier, the place was popularly known as Shringavali. The name of the place is taken from the name of the great sage Shringimore. In the ancient period, most of its areas were covered with dense forests and inhabited by wild animals. The place was considered as one of the most dangerous place which the Kings of Rewa district ruled for a long period until India got its independence in the year 1947. On the other hand, in the 1800s, there were three separate rulers of Singrauli, ruling its three different parts such as first were the Chandela rulers from Bardi (Khatai), second was Rajasahab Madwas, third and the last was Rajasahab of Singrauli. Finally, the district of Singrauli was emerged as a separate district in the map of Madhya state on 24th May, 2008. At that time Waidhan was the headquarters of the district. The district was established after the separation of the three tehsils of the former Sidhi district namely Singrauli, Deosar and Chitrangi.
Geographically, the district lies at 24°20'N latitude, 82°66'E longitude and 500 m Altitude. In the year 2021, there was a total 38.11% forest area of total geographical area. The district encompasses a geographical area of 5,675 sq km. and in terms of geographical area it occupies the ranks of 28th in the state and 186th in India. It is bounded by Uttar Pradesh on the North and East, Chhattisgarh on the South and Sidhi district on the West. Most of its rainfall occurs in the monsoon season. The actual rainfall in the district was 1471.4 mm in the year of 2021-22.
Administration wise, the district is divided into 5 tehsils namely Chitrangi, Deosar, Singrauli, Mada and Sarai. There are 1 Lok Sabha seat and 3 Assembly constituencies in the district. Moreover, the district comprises 2 towns and 744 villages. The administrative language in the district is Hindi.
According to 2011 census the district has a population of 11,78,273 including 6,13,637 are males and 5,64,636 are females. The district has a sex ratio of 920 females for every 1000 males. The district has a population density of 208 persons per sq km. During the year 2001-2011 the population growth rate in the district was 28.05% including 28.21% were males and 27.88% were females. In the year 2020 the number of live births in the district was 34,494 out of which 18,174 were males and 16,320 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 5,830 out of which 3,669 were males and 2,161 were females. As per 2011 census the major religion in the district is Hindu with 94.97% of the total population. According to 2011 census the principal language in the district is Hindi with 96.67%.
The economy of the district is dependent on both agricultural and industrial sector. Some of its population are engaged in agriculture in order to earn their livelihood. The chief agricultural products in the district are paddy, maize, black gram, green gram, pigeon pea, soybeans, etc. The adoption of the new agricultural technologies amongst the famers of the district helps to increase the production of various agricultural items. Industrially, the district is quite well developed. The principal business in the district is Northern Coalfields with its headquarters located at Singrauli. Northern Coalfields Company is a subsidiary of Coal India and the largest coal producing company in world. Another important coalfields company in the district is Singrauli Coalfield. Some other prominent industries in the district are Jaypee Power Ventures Ltd, NTPC Ltd, Hindalco Industries Ltd, DB Power Ltd, Essar Power MP Ltd, Dalla Cement Factory, etc. Every year a huge chunk of revenue comes from these industries helps in its economy to a great extent. In the year 2019-20 the gross domestic product in the district was Rs. 24,13,978 lakhs at current price and Rs. 17,27,646 lakhs at constant prices in the year 2011-2012. The net domestic product in the district during the period 2019-20 was Rs. 21,35,762 lakh at current price and Rs. 14,71,708 lakh at constant prices in the year 2011-2012. The Per Capita Income or NDDP, At Factor Cost during the period 2019-20 was Rs. 1,58,803 at current price and Rs. 1,09,428 at constant prices in the year 2011-2012.
The district is an abode of several reputed educational institutions. It provides a platform for higher education. Some of its recognised educational institutions are Govt. Excellence School, Sarswati Shishu Mandir, Delhi public school, Christ Jyoti School, Government Polytechnic College, etc. As per 2011 census the literacy rate in the district is 60.41% including 71.34% were males and 48.53% were females.
The district has a great variety of centres of attraction which allures many travellers from different parts of the country as well world. The Son River has a significant tributary called Rihand River which originates from the Matiranga hills. The dam on the Rihand River is popularly known as Rihand dam which was constructed in 1962. The main purpose behind its construction is to generate the hydro-power. The Hanuman temple is located at the Jhingurdah project of the Northern Coalfields ltd in the district is a very famous temple dedicated to Lord Hanuman. Pilgrims from far off places comes to this temple to offer their prayers. Some other notable places of interest in the district are Nuri Masjid, Tippa Jharia Dam, Rakasganda Water Fall, Lake Park, Golden Jubilee Park, Rose Garden, Chilka Lake, Malhaar Park, Kaachan Dam, Madwani Dam, Jwalamukhi Temple, Durghata Devi Mandir, Khodwa Mandir, Semra Baba Ka Mandir, Kali Mandir, Ganesh Temple, etc.