Alirajpur district, a part of Indore division is a district of Madhya Pradesh state with its administrative headquarters located at Alirajpur town. The district got its name from its headquarters town, Alirajpur. On the other hand the town derived its name from the two capital cities of the princely state of Alirajpur-‘Ali’ which was the former capital of Alirajpur and ‘Rajpur’ which was its latter capital. Vastly tribal in character, the area is a hilly one with most people living in small villages in the vicinity of Alirajpur. Prior to India got its independence in 1947, the Alirajpur State was a part of the Bhopawar Agency sub-division of the Central India Agency. After India’s independence, Alirajpur State became a part of the Indian Union. Earlier, in 1948 the Alirajpur district was under the Madhya Bharat state but later on 1st November, 1956 it came under the re-organized Madhya Pradesh state. The Alirajpur district came into existence on 17th April, 2008.
Chandra Shekhar Azad also known as Azad, an eminent Indian revolutionary who re-estabilshed the Hindustan Republican Association under a new name, Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) was born on 23rd July, 1906 at Bhavra in the Alirajpur district. He was also made the mentor of Bhagat Singh and the chief strategist of the HSRA after the death of its founder, Ram Prasad Bismil and three other notable leaders of the party namely Roshan Singh, Rajendra Nath Lahiri and Ashfaqulla Khan.
Geographically, the district lies at 22°31'N latitude, 74°36'E longitude and 300 m Altitude. In the year 2021, there was a total 21.41% forest area of total geographical area. The district encompasses a geographical area of 3,182 sq km. and in terms of geographical area it occupies the ranks of 48th in the state and 383rd in India. It is bounded by Jhabua district on the North East, Barwani district on the South East, Dhar district on the East, Gujarat state on the West and Maharashtra on the South. The climate of the district remains pleasant throughout the year except the summer season. Most of its rainfall occurs in the monsoon season. The actual rainfall in the district was 1086.0 mm in the year of 2021-22.
Administration wise, the district is divided into 3 tehsils namely Alirajpur, Jobat and Bhabra. There are 1 Lok Sabha seat and 2 Assembly constituencies in the district. Moreover the district comprises 3 sub-districts, 4 towns and 543 villages. The administrative language in the district is Hindi.
According to 2011 census the district has a population of 7,28,999 out of which 3,62,542 are males and 3,66,457 are females. The district has a sex ratio of 1011 females for every 1000 males. The district has a population density of 229 persons per sq km. In the year 2020 the number of live births in the district was 31,275 out of which 16,394 were males and 14,881 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 4,989 out of which 3,522 were males and 1,467 were females. In the year 2001-2011 the population growth rate in the district was 19.45% out of which18.51% weremales and 20.40% were females. As per 2011 census the major religion in the district is Hindu with 96.72% of the total population.According to 2001 census the principal language in the district is Bhili/Bhilodi and Hindi with 89.96% and 7.90%.
The economy of the district is solely dependent on agriculture. Most of its lands are use for agricultural purposes. More than half of its population are engaged in agriculture in order to earn their livelihood. The chief agricultural products in the district are Mangoes, wheat, maize, pulses, spices, sorghum, garlic, chili, brinjal, etc. The adoption of the new agricultural technologies amongst the famers of the district helps to increase the production of various agricultural items. The industrial growth in the district is insufficient. In the name of industry, only a few industries of wood carving are present in the district. Every year a good amount of revenue comes from these industries helps in its economy to a great extent. In the year 2019-20 the gross domestic product in the district was Rs. 5,03,854 lakhs at current price and Rs. 2,88,491 lakhs at constant prices in the year 2011-2012. The net domestic product in the district during the period 2019-20 was Rs. 4,70,893 lakh at current price and Rs. 2,63,040 lakh at constant prices in the year 2011-2012. The Per Capita Income or NDDP, At Factor Cost during the period 2019-20 was Rs. 56,591 at current price and Rs. 31,612 at constant prices in the year 2011-2012.
The district is quite backward in terms of education. It has a countable number of recognised government educational institutions and some are Govt PG College, Govt College (Bhawra), Govt Degree College (Jobat), etc. As per 2011 census the literacy rate in the district is 36.1% out of which 42.02% are males and 30.29% are females.
The district has several centres of attraction which allures many travellers from different parts of the country as well as world. Mathwad, a place located in the southern portion of the district, which is bounded by the famous Vindhya mountain range. The dense forest of the place is full of a great variety of fauna and flora. Moreover, the well known Kajalrani temple is also located at this place. Alirajpur place is renowned for its marvellous Jain temple. Laxmaniji Teerth has the deity of Padma Prabhu Swami, as its main shrine. Pilgrims from far off places comes to this teerth to offer their prayers. Another most prominent temple in the district is Shri Laksamani Teerth, which was constructed 2000 years ago.